Côtes de Castillon is a new appellation which dates back to 1989 and it is noted for its quick rise through the ranks in terms of quality and popularity. It gives an excellent price/quality ratio with its Bordeaux Supérieur.
Haut Médoc is part of the Médoc appellation and it's name means Upper Médoc as it sits at a higher altitude. The appellations of Pauillac, Listrac, Moulis, Margaux, Saint Julien, Saint Estèphe are encompassed within it.
The Margaux appellation consists of 5 communes: these are the village of Margaux and the neighbouring villages of Arsac, Labarde, Soussans and Cantenac. It is the most southerly of Médoc's appellations.
Pauillac is sandwiched between Saint Estèphe to the north and Saint Julien to the south on the River Gironde as it widens into its estuary. The town of Pauillac itself is a small port which has shipped wines since ancient times.
Pessac Léognan was created in 1987 as a break away from Graves and is centred around the villages of Pessac, Talence and Léognan. Pessac Léognan is north of Graves and its vineyards cover 3,300 acres.
Pomerol is the smallest wine producing area in Bordeaux however although it is tiny, Pomerol is famous world over. The vineyards are located 19 miles north east of Bordeaux and 2 miles from the city of Libourne.
Sauternes is 25 miles south east of the city of Bordeaux and is in Graves. It produces the famous sweet dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem.
Saint Julien lies on two plateaus between Pauillac and Margaux on the left bank of the Gironde Estuary. It is divided into essentially 2 areas.
Saint Émilion is the oldest wine area in Bordeaux region. It's terroir has been recognised by the UNESCO organization and it is now a World Heritage site.